Meditation is one of the important techniques widely used in Buddhism. In general, Meditation is the practices that are associated with the involvement of religious as well as spiritual and philosophy regarding the Buddhism. According to Buddhism, one must take responsibility for their states of mind, body and soul. And this can help to lead away the fear, anxiety, sorrow and pain. And Buddha teaches that practicing meditation is the most probable techniques to achieve that state of mind.
According to Buddhism, Meditation is the process of transferring the control of mind and body to mind, and it helps to develop concentration, emotional positivity and calmness. Meditation is considered as the effort made in conscious mind to change the working pattern of mind. Buddhistmeditation is the combination of various number of techniques that was originally developed in order to develop one's concentration, mindfulness, insight and tranquility.
Types of Meditation
Over the thousands of years in Buddhism, number of Buddhist meditation practices were developed that helped to develop the one's control on mind, concentration, positivity etc. These various meditation practices are simply referred as "mind-trainings" but each Buddhist tradition have their own approaches to these meditation practices. Buddhist monks and Buddhist followers follow these practices based on their instinct since each meditation practices can be simple to different sorts of Buddhist monks and followers.
Some of the important Buddhist meditation practices that are widely used by Buddhist monks in Buddhist community and Sangha are Mindfulness of Breathing and Loving-Kindness meditation practices. It is believed that LordBuddha originally taught these two practices to Buddha followers. Mindfulness of Breathing is a simple Buddhist meditation practices that especially focuses on breath as a medium for concentration and it is also considered as the excellent method of absorbing intense meditation through various gestures such as Dhyana Mudra. Loving-kindness Meditation practice was originally known as Metta Bhavana. This meditation focuses on development or cultivation of something you feel in your heart i.e. love.
Importance of Meditation
Is Meditation important? Yes, it is quite important as stated above. Meditation helps to develop awareness, calmness, positivity in the mind of the people. If the mind is calm, aware then one can easily differentiate between good and bad, anger and wrong deeds and it helps to control their body through sheer power of mind. And this can only attained through meditation practices.Meditation is quite popular in Buddhist art in many Asian countries. Meditation also helps Buddhist monks to understand the true meaning of principles of Buddhism i.e. NobleEightfold Path, Noble Four Truths, Dharma, Karma etc. Even Lord Buddha attained the Enlightenment through meditation and he succeeded since his mind had calmed down and was free of anxiety. Many Buddhist monks and followers practices meditation in front of Buddha statues. Because the Buddha statues are believed to hold important meanings behind their history such as Standing Buddha Statues are believed to represent Lord Buddha blessing to all sentient beings. Happy Buddhastatues are believed to represent happiness, joy and prosperity. That is also the reason why meditation are quite important.