“What is the meaning of Dualism?”Dualism is a concept where one understands that everything can be concluded into two fundamental categories which include the reality itself too. In western philosophy, the term dualism represents the state of two parts. Basically speaking, Dualism is the way to perceives everything as a contrasting pair such as male and female, good and evil, light and dark etc.
Dualism in a simpler form, argues that all phenomena can be located within a duality since all these phenomena must be either mental or material and are reducible to others. It is the state of the mind where one becomes confuses on the mental states as well as physical states.
There are various philosophies on Dualism in Buddhism. According to one philosopher, the term Dualism doesn’t exist in Buddhism. Dualism claims that Consciousness exists independently, but this concept contradicts dependent origination. Buddhism is closer to materialism than that of Dualism since Buddhism teach us about conscious experience that happens in conjunction with sense organs.
Dualism in Theravada Buddhism
"There is not the least insinuation that this reality is metaphysically indistinguishable at some profound level from its manifest opposite, samsara,"